A look at the numbers in the Jan. 5 U.S. Senate races in Georgia indicate that Democrats have won control of the Senatea development with enormous favorable consequences for the LGBT community and the nation.
As of the evening of Jan. 6, the Georgia secretary of state's website indicated 100 percent of votes had been counted. The numbers show Democrat Rev. Raphael Warnock defeated incumbent Republican Kelly Loeffler by more than 62,000 votes, and Democrat Jon Ossoff defeated incumbent Republican David Perdue by more than 24,000 votes. Both Warnock's margin of victory (1.4 percent) and Ossoff's (0.56 percent) are above the point for an automatic recount (0.5 percent).
The new session of the U.S. Senate will, therefore, include 50 Democrats and 50 Republicans, leaving any tie vote to Democrat Kamala Harris, who will be sworn in as vice president Jan. 20.
With control of the White House, the House of Representatives and the Senate, real change can happen," said Tim Boyd, owner and publisher of the Georgia Voice newspaper. "This is a great day for Georgia and the nation."
Lambda Legal Executive Director Kevin Jennings said, "We hope that today's outcome ushers in a new day when the legislative and executive branches can work together to make life easier, safer and more fair for peoplewhether it comes to access to healthcare, racial justice, or equality for LGBTQ people and everyone living with HIV."
There was a lot riding on the outcome of Georgia's two U.S. Senate races that took place Jan. 5. For the LGBT community, it was the difference between securing federal laws prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and watching existing laws ignored, challenged, or misinterpreted to enable such discrimination. Among the first orders of business will likely be passage of the Equality Act, which has not been allowed a vote in the Republican-controlled Senate even after it has passed the U.S. House three times.
For the incoming administration of President-elect Joe Biden, a Democratic majority in the Senate means expeditious confirmation of cabinet members, such as openly gay Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. It means control over members of the federal judiciary, including any vacancies on the U.S. Supreme Court. And it means the ability to follow through on a campaign promise to sign the Equality Act in his first 100 days in office. It means an opportunity to direct federal resources on defeating the COVID pandemic. And it means the ability to curtail divisive rhetoric coming from the White House and try to mend the wounds of outrageous partisanship.
Both Democratic candidates in Georgia have said they will support passage of the Equality Act, a comprehensive bill in Congress that seeks to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in a number of arenas, including employment, housing, education, public spaces and services, and federally funded programs.
Ossoff campaigned in at least one LGBT establishmentMy Sister's Room, a lesbian bar in Atlanta. According to the Atlanta Journal Constitution, Ossoff told a group of about 50 people gathered at the bar on Dec. 23 that he would "defend our LGBTQ brothers and sisters with everything I've got."
Warnock appointed more than two dozen openly LGBT leaders to a special "LGBTQ+ Advisory Council" for his runoff race against Loeffler. One of those council members, Georgia's newly elected lesbian state Senator Kim Jackson, noted that both Warnock and Ossoff have a number of openly LGBT people on their campaign staffs.
"I don't believe that there's any such thing as equal rights for some. And so my journey on embracing, fully, members of the LGBTQ+ community and the issues that you bring to the table [is] part of my continuing trek to try to be a better leader and a better person," Warnock told an Atlanta LGBT news organization in October.
Warnock made clear that he believes "all of us have to be full-throated in opposition to bigotry."
"You can't simply be committed to not saying things that are homophobic or transphobic," Warnock told Project Q Atlanta. "In the same way that we ask white people to be anti-racist and not just acknowledging it, we have to be full-throated in standing up against bigotry."
Both Republicans have, in different ways, expressed a hostility to equal rights for LGBT people.
Loeffler, who was appointed to the seat last January when the incumbent resigned due to illness, introduced a bill last year that seeks to ban federal education funding to any school that allows transgender girls to compete in girls' sports.
Loeffler co-owns a Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) team called the Atlanta Dream but vigorously opposed the association's decision to dedicate its current season to Black Lives Matter, a movement co-founded by two self-identified queer women. In a letter to the WNBA commissioner, she said, "I adamantly oppose the Black Lives Matter political movement," adding that she thinks "to subscribe to a particular political agenda undermines the potential of the sport and sends a message of exclusion." A number of WNBA athletes were seen wearing T-shirts that say "Vote Warnock."
Perdue has rated a zero on the Human Rights Campaign's Congressional scorecard on LGBT issues for every session he has been in Congress.
The Human Rights Campaign said it sent 12 staffers to Georgia to help support the two Democratic candidates in the run-off. It also organized phone banks, making more than 105,000 calls.
"By electing Jon Ossoff and Rev. Raphael Warnock, we can pass the Equality Act, address the epidemic of violence against the transgender community, and work to ensure no person faces discrimination because of who they are or whom they love," said HRC's website.
The statewide LGBT group Georgia Equality was also heavily involved, with phone-banking and texting to more than 600,000 voters.
"If we don't have both chambers of the Congress…. the rights of the LGBT community around the country will continue to be put on hold and de-prioritized regardless of how supportive the president may be," said Jeff Graham, executive director of Georgia Equality. He was speaking last week to an online forum sponsored by Project Q Atlanta, an LGBT news organization.
On Nov. 3, Perdue beat Ossoff by 88,000 votes (or 0.2 percent of all votes). Because Perdue's number represented less than 50 percent of the vote, the race was slated automatically for this runoff. Warnock beat Loeffler by more than 343,000 votes; however, because there was a third-party candidate in that race, Warnock's winning total represented only 33 percent of the vote, forcing him into this runoff as well.
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